Maori believe that any object of the Earth has its own life force. While in an inanimate state, this unique force can be altered to have desired effect by incantation or thought. These are normally chosen by the individual, often from amongst a multitude of other objects. The Kohatu is a prized possession of the Maori, part of the perfect balance in one's life.
This project examined how bicultural competence is applied in the education of early childhood teachers with regards to Māori pedagogies, identities, languages and cultural beliefs, and how Māori pedagogies are valued in the provision of early childhood education in Aotearoa. A Kaupapa Māori methodology was adopted, drawing upon qualitative techniques.