kara-kulak / ak-kulak, a traditional Balkan form of knife, which is similar in outlines to the yataghan. Literally, the name in Turkish means "black ears" / "white ears", respectively. This name is not connected to the construction, dimensions and so by any means, but is connected only to the material, from which the scales are made (usually, this is black buffalo horn or white bone).
An interesting hunting hanger called "Waidpraxe": Strong, single-edged blade with mark and date "1675", iron hilt with quillon ending in the shape of a bird head, grooved ring and chiselled rivets, deer horn grip scales; wooden scabbard with green velvet covering (restored), brass mounts embossed with hunting scenes. Complete with cutlery, knife, fork and needle, all made of iron with deer horn grip scales and rivets chiselled en suite.
The short version of the Ottoman kilij sometimes known as ''pala'', with deeply curved wide blade and ‘T’ spine, it was in use from the early 17 C. for more than 300 years well into the 20th C. The hilt of classical form is made of brass cross guard and horn grips with bulbous pommel and brass grip strap. The original wood scabbard is covered with leather and has spiral brass stitching, mounted with chased brass locket and chape, length 83.5 cm.
Ottoman shamsir, 19th century, curved 78.7 cm (31 in.) single edged blade. Brass crossguard of characteristic form. Horn gripscales, the silver sidestraps chased with florals. Green leather-covered scabbard, the brass mounts chased with floral borders.
Ottoman / Armenian nielloed silver travelling cutlery set (trousse), late 18th century, knife with single edged blade, fork with two sharp tines, silver handles cast and chased with a medial band of foliage and with a bird's head pommel in the round, the tapering lower half with nielloed decoration, silver scabbard embossed and chased with panels of foliage within nielloed borders, bud-shaped finial chased with foliage, gilt filigree locket, and small ring for suspension 9.7 cm. blade.