Independent Project using fundamental configuration change. to achieve efficient forward flight and hovering flight in a single aircraft. Thoughtful consideration given to flight dynamics - thrust, lift, control - in all phases of flight, and
Designed by Reginald Mitchell and powered by a Rolls-Royce Merlin engine, the Spitfire was integral to Britain's front-line air defence during World War II, and together with the Hawker Hurricane fighter played a key role in the Battle of Britain of 1940
Harrier fighter jet hovering over aircraft carrier. Harriers are planes specially equipped with the ability V/STOL operations. (Vertical/short take-off and landing.) I've seen one take-off and land in person! So awesome!