In 1969 Shirley Chisholm was the first African American woman in Congress. She served for 14 years and also she became the first major-party black candidate for President of the United States and the first woman to run for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1972 (Margaret Chase Smith had previously run for the 1964 Republican presidential nomination).
Dr. Condoleezza Rice, PhD, American political scientist, pianist, professor & diplomat. She was the 1st African American woman, the 2nd African American & the 2nd woman to serve as US Secretary of State. She also was the 1st woman to serve as National Security Advisor. She has been criticized for her connection to George W. Bush, WMD/Iraq War, her conservative views & lack of engagement with the Black community. She is currently a Stanford professor & Hoover Institute Sr. Fellow.
Linda Brown was the "Brown" in the 1954 Supreme Court case known as Brown vs. Board of Education. The Court reversed the 1897 Plessy vs. Ferguson decision and held that "separate educational facilities are inherently unequal."
Susie Rei Taylor: a primeira enfermeira do exército afroamericano ; a única mulher afroamericana a publicar um livro de memórias de suas experiências de guerra; Também a primeira a ensinar abertamente em uma escola para ex-escravos na Geórgia.