Diagram showing the parts of a frame: bearer, floor joist, bottom plate, jack stud, sill trimmer, jamb stud, head trimmer, lintel, top plate, jack joist/ceiling joist trimmer, metal joist strap, hanging beam, ceiling joist, common stud, brace, nogging, sheet flooring.
Straining Beam - Timber Frame HQ This beam is between two posts. It holds them apart from the rafters pushing them in. Sometimes they have braces, sometimes they don’t. Usually it has a standard tenon on the end to the post. - http://timberframehq.com/straining-beam/?utm_content=buffer59529&utm_medium=social&utm_source=pinterest.com&utm_campaign=buffer