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Althea Gibson broke the color barrier to become the first African American woman to compete on the world tennis tour

Dorothy Counts, the first African American girl to attend an all-white school school, being taunted by her peers. This girl's strength ... I can't begin to imagine.

"Born in 1892, the beautiful, tough, determined and incredibly inspirational, professional aviator Bessie "Queen Bess" Coleman was the first African American (in the world) to attain a pilot's license. At age 30, she was considered "the world's greatest woman flyer." Her tragic death at only 34 ended a fierce and brilliant career."

Nina Mae McKinney (June 13, 1913 - May 3, 1967) was an American Actress Dubbed “The Black Garbo”, she was one of the first African American film stars and was one of the first African-Americans to appear on British television

Actress Nina Mae McKinney, dubbed "The Black Garbo" in Europe, was one of the first African-American film stars in the United States and was one of the first African Americans to appear on British television.

Janet Harmon Waterford Bragg, 1932. Janet Bragg was a pioneer female African American pilot whose leadership in black pilot organizations in the 1930s created opportunities for others. She is seen here sitting on a fence at Harlem Airport, Chicago. SI-79-13664