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Celtic brooch - “It turned out, quite remarkably, to be this Celtic disc… It’s extremely exciting… It’s a very rare example of its sort within the collection… shows contact between the British Isles and Norway in the Viking period … objects seized as loot in this country and taken back.” He believes that it was originally made in Ireland or Scotland, that it came from a shrine or a reliquary, and that the Vikings converted it into a brooch by attaching rivet holes and a pin.

These four Celtic symbols are also referred to as the four Celtic treasures (also jewels, magical objects, talismans). These treasures resided in what were four symbolic, prime cities (Gorias, Falias, Findias and Murias) located amidst the northern isles where Nemed's descendents (later known as the Tuatha de Danann) settled after fleeing from the Fomorians.

►CELTIC ART: Early Medieval ► Muiredach's Cross East Face Type of object: Sculpture Material: stone Period: Early Medieval, Celtic Country: Ireland Date: c.800 Collection: Monasterboice, Co. Louth

A History of Ireland in 100 Objects – 15.Broighter boat, c.100BC. …This delightful gold boat, just under 20cm long but rich in detail, is a rare thing in early Irish art: a realistic depiction of a real object… Where to see it: National Museum of Ireland – Archaeology, Kildare Street, Dublin 2, 01-6777444, museum.ie

►CELTIC ART: Early Medieval ► Ministerial Chalice Detail, Handle Type of object: Vessels (metalwork) Material: silver, gold, amber Period: Early Medieval, Celtic Find spot: errynaflan, Co. Tipperary Country: Ireland Date: ea.9th c. CE Collection: Dublin, National Museum of Ireland

Type of object: Jewelry Material: gold Period: Insular La Tène Find spot: Hoard, Broighter, Co. Derry Country: Ireland Date: late 1st c. B.C. Collection: Dublin, National Museum of Ireland

25. Mullamast Stone. When a castle at the Hill of Mullamast was being demolished, this limestone boulder was found being re-used as a lintel. The spiral carvings, which are close to those found on metal dress-pins and brooches of the period, date it to the sixth century AD, after the mission of St Patrick. What is intriguing, however, is that its symbolism reminds us that in Ireland the arrival of Christianity did not mark a sudden break with the past.

irisharchaeology: “ Celtic Deer A seated stag, its legs doubled up underneath its body, ornamented with conventional spirals. Carved in stone, it dates from 9th century AD and is from Angus, Scotland Source ”