3500 years of Cappadocian cave homes: These unique underground havens once were used by early Christians to hide from Roman armies, yet they remain occupied to this day - 100 square miles with 200+ underground villages and tunnel towns complete with hidden passages, secret rooms and ancient temples, with each new civilization building on the work of the last.
Home of the legendary decade-long Trojan War described in Homer’s Illiad and Odyssey-Troy was the center of all ancient civilizations. The city of Troy was inhabited from the third millennium BC to the 4th century AD. It was rebuilt over 10 times, occupied by different civilizations (including the Hittite), appears as Ilium after Roman rule, and eventually declined during the Byzantine era. The ruins were found in 1822 and excavated from 1870-1890.