Richard Nathaniel Wright (September 4, 1908 – November 28, 1960) was an African-American author of sometimes controversial novels, short stories, poems, and non-fiction. Much of his literature concerns racial themes, especially those involving the plight of African-Americans during the late 19th to mid-20th centuries. His work helped redefine discussions of race relations in America in the mid-20th century. (Wikipedia)
Susie King Taylor: first African American army nurse; the only African American woman to publish a memoir of her wartime experiences; also the first African American to teach openly in a school for former slaves in Georgia.
Professor, scholar, and expert on United States diplomacy. She was the first African American graduate of Western Michigan Teachers College, first African American woman to attend the University of Oxford, first African American woman to earn a Ph.D. in government and international relations from Harvard University (then Radcliffe College), as well as one of the first two female members to join the Department of History at Howard University.
Dr. Georgia Rooks Dwelle: In 1900, she became the first Spelman College alumna to attend medical school. Dr. Dwelle established the Dwelle Infirmary (1920) in Atlanta. It was Georgia's first general hospital for African Americans, and its first obstetrical hospital for African American women. The infirmary, which also featured a pediatric clinic, was Georgia's first venereal disease clinic for African Americans, and offered Atlanta's first "Mother's Club" for African American women.
A portrait of Jarena Lee, the first African American woman to publish an autobiography. Read more on the GenealogyBank blog: “10 Famous African Americans in 17th & 18th Century History.” http://blog.genealogybank.com/10-notable-african-americans-in-17th-18th-century-history.html