Places to visit before they disappear-Atlantic Forest, South America Shown abutting the Brazilian city of Belo Horizonte in 2004, the species-rich Atlantic Forest originally spanned 1.35 million square kilometers in Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, and Uruguay. But due to an expansion of logging and agriculture, the forest is now less than seven per cent its original size, and exists mainly as isolated patches, some less than 24 hectares.
Deforestation simply put means the removal of trees and forests, usually through cutting or burning. In South America, most deforestation takes place because of a need for agricultural land. In countries with poor economies, such as those in South America, people turn to agriculture to meet the everyday needs of living.