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A Far-from-Exhaustive-List Black Revolutionary Heroes Nat Turner, Harriet Tubman, Robert Smalls, Ida B. Wells, W.E.B Dubois, Langston Hughes, Claudia Jones, Paul Robeson, Harry Haywood, Angelo Herndon, Robert F. Williams, Rosa Parks, Ella Baker, Fannie Lou Hamer, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., Malcolm X, Fred Hampton, Huey P. Newton, George Jackson, Assata Shakur.


Josephine Baker by Black History Album, via Flickr

Three women from Guadeloupe, on Ellis Island, about 1910, by Augustus Sherman

During World War II, Josephine Baker served with the French Red Cross and was an active member of the French resistance movement. Using her career as a cover Baker became an intelligence agent, carrying secret messages written in invisible ink on her sheet music. She was awarded honor of the Croix de Guerre, and received a Medal of the Resistance in 1946.