A Far-from-Exhaustive-List Black Revolutionary Heroes Nat Turner, Harriet Tubman, Robert Smalls, Ida B. Wells, W.E.B Dubois, Langston Hughes, Claudia Jones, Paul Robeson, Harry Haywood, Angelo Herndon, Robert F. Williams, Rosa Parks, Ella Baker, Fannie Lou Hamer, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., Malcolm X, Fred Hampton, Huey P. Newton, George Jackson, Assata Shakur.
Amanda Smith, an African-American woman employed in the Long Beach Plant of the Douglas Aircraft Company. Between 1940 and 1944, approximately one million civilian African Americans entered the labor force; 600,000 of them were female. The proportion of black women in industrial occupations almost tripled during the war, rising from 6.5 to 18 percent. Los Angeles-area aircraft plants were among the first to offer them employment.
Ethelyn Mildred Taylor Chisum (1895-1983) was a black teacher and administrator. She was born in Dallas on June 9, 1895. After graduating from Prairie View State Normal and Industrial College in 1913, she taught in the public schools in Texas (1916–23). She served as president of the Dallas Teachers Council, an affiliate of the National Education Association, from 1948-1958 and as an advisor to the council from 1959-1965. She was the NEA membership chairwoman for North Texas from 1955-1960.
"A Quartette of Dusky Beauties" London,1903. "Rhoda King, Jessie Ellis, Birdie Williams, and Gigas performed in "In Dahomey," the first all black musical comedy, which came to the Shaftesbury Theatre from New York with a cast of over 100. It was a huge success, and its Cakewalk, and Buck and Wing dances became crazes in the UK.
During World War II, Josephine Baker served with the French Red Cross and was an active member of the French resistance movement. Using her career as a cover Baker became an intelligence agent, carrying secret messages written in invisible ink on her sheet music. She was awarded honor of the Croix de Guerre, and received a Medal of the Resistance in 1946.
Dorothy Day with her prison dress. In Nov. 1917 Day and 40 other women went to prison for protesting in front of the White House for women's suffrage. Roughly handled at a workhouse, they went on a hunger strike. Finally they were freed by presidential order.In the 1930s, Day worked closely with Peter Maurin to establish the Catholic Worker movement, a nonviolent, pacifist movement that continues to combine direct aid for the poor and homeless with nonviolent direct action on their behalf.