Chinese paper maker in samarkand . [Samarkand's] specialties include paper, which has driven out of use the Egyptian papyrus and the parchment which previous generations employed; this is because it looks better, is more supple, is more easily handled and is more convenient for writing on. It is only made in Samarkand and China. The author of the Kitab al-Masalik wal-Mamalik ["The Book of Pathways and Kingdoms"] relates that amongst the Chinese prisoners of war captured by Ziyad ibn Salih and brought to Samarkand were some artisans who manufactured paper in Samarkand; then it was manufactured on a wide scale and passed into general use, until it became an important export commodity for the people of Samarkand. Its value was universally recognized and people everywhere used it.
Abū ʿAbdallāh Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī. earlier transliterated as Algoritmi or Algaurizin is a Persian, mathematician, astronomer and geographer, a scholar in the House of Wisdom in Baghdad. In Renaissance Europe, he was considered the original inventor of algebra, although we now know that his work is based on older Indian or Greek sources
The House of Wisdom, Baghdad: The House of Wisdom was used for scholars from all over to congregate. In a way, it was used as an Academy for the Arts. The library contained texts from around the world that were written in multiple languages so that scholars from different religions were able to meet and share mathematical and scientific improvement. The House of Wisdom was essential to expanding the alertness and knowledge of not only Muslims, but all neighboring societies.
Creative Courage for Young Hearts: 15 Emboldening Picture Books Celebrating the Lives of Great Artists, Writers, and Scientists Jane Goodall, Julia Child, Pablo Neruda, Marie Curie, E.E. Cummings, Albert Einstein, Ella Fitzgerald, Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, Frida Kahlo, and more.