Possible lesser-known background story: The Grand Orient and numerous versions of Masonry, surrounding the French Revolution, accepted the highest honors of Masonry, by passing under an arch of feel, formed by the drawn swords of two ranks of brethren. The national assembly protected the meetings of Freemasons, while it peremptorily prohibited every other private meetings. These also hold other meanings to blue lodge members as they see fit.
Pierre Jean George Cabanis (1757-1808). French physiologist and materialist philosopher. He is often called the founder of modern physiological psychology. He was a close associate and physician of Honoré Mirabeau. Enthusiastic about the French Revolution, he became a member of the Council of Five Hundred, and of the Conservative Senate. He is buried in the Pantheon in Paris. From 1778, he was a member of the famous Paris Masonic lodge, Les Neuf Soeurs.
Terry Melanson - History of the Bavarian Order of the Illuminati - Red Ice Radio Terry Melanson's book is called "Perfectibilists: The 18th Century Bavarian Order of the Illuminati". Terry also talks about the infiltration of Masonic lodges, The Society of the Friends of the Constitution and the connection to the Reign of Terror during the French Revolution.
Princesse de Lamballe was the Grande Maitresse of all the French masonic ladies' lodges, for she saw freemasonry as a tool for creating a better world, as did many of her contemporaries. Her liberal politics were one of the reasons, according to scholar Bernard Fay, that King Louis XVI encouraged his wife towards the Polignacs, and away from Lamballe and her Orleanist salon.
Captain John Paul Jones Jones, John Paul (Born: John Paul) 1747-1792) – Although born in Scotland, this masterful sailor rose to become a naval hero and the “Father of the United States Navy”. In an action off the coast of Yorkshire, against the Royal Navy in 1779, when taunted to surrender by Captain Pearson of HMS Serapis, Jones shouted, “I have not yet begun to fight!” Following hours of battle, Jones captured the Seraphim though his own vessel, the Bonhomme Richard, later sank due to…
During his time France, Benjamin Franklin was active as a Freemason, serving as Venerable Master , Lodge Les Neuf Sœurs from 1779 until 1781. He was the 106th member of the Lodge. In 1784, when Franz Mesmer began to publicize his theory of "animal magnetism" which was considered offensive by many, Louis XVI appointed a commission to investigate it. These included the chemist Antoine Lavoisier, the physician Joseph-Ignace Guillotin, the astronomer Jean Sylvain Bailly, and Benjamin Franklin