The Kingdom of Khotan was an ancient Buddhist kingdom located on a branch of the Silk Road along the southern edge of the Taklamakan desert in the Tarim basin (present day Xinjiang, China). The kingdom existed for over 1,000 yrs until it was conquered by Muslim invaders in 1006.
Dai poli al deserto. I Grandi Itinerari Lonely Planet | Repubblica Viaggi Kashgar market, Xinjiangf, China. Silk Route (Lonely Planet Images/ Jane Sweeney) Kashgar has long been on my bucket list as Silk Road city that has survived through the centuries, ideally to be approached after surmounting the great Karakorum Pass from Pakistan.
The Mogao Caves or Mogao Grottoes , also known as the Caves of the Thousand Buddhas , form a system of 492 temples 25 km (16 mi) southeast of the center of Dunhuang, an oasis strategically located at a religious and cultural crossroads on the Silk Road, in Gansu province, China.