Prof. Philip Steadman, UCL Bartlett School of Environment, Energy and Resources In 2001, Philip Steadman published a book, Vermeer’s Camera, about the Dutch painter’s use of the camera obscura – the predecessor of the photographic camera. The book inspired engineer Tim Jenison to rebuild Vermeer’s studio and ‘paint a Vermeer’ using optical methods.
As early as 5th CB.C.E, Mo Ti, a Chinese philosopher, discovered Camera Obscura (dark chamber) Light that reflects an object and passes through hole (pinhole, lens) into darkened area to form an exact inverted image of the original object. Ended up becoming the prototype for the pinhole, Camera did not require lens. Around the 10th C,A.C.E Arabian physicist, Alhazen, established how the pinhole size may affect the image.