Hussein Kamel was the son of Khedive Isma'il Pasha, who ruled Egypt from 1863 to 1879. Hussein Kamel was declared Sultan of Egypt on 19 December 1914, after the occupying British forces had deposed his nephew, Khedive Abbas Hilmi II, on 5 November 1914. The newly created Sultanate of Egypt was declared a British protectorate. This brought to an end the de jure Ottoman sovereignty over Egypt, which had been largely nominal since Muhammad Ali's seizure of power in 1805.
Ex empress of Iran Fawzia Bint Fuad named Fawzia Shirin after the Revolution of 1952 in Egypt Ex épouse du Shah d'Iran Mohamed Reza Palavi et devenue Fawzia Shirin après l'abdication du Roi Farouk 1er lors de la révolution de 1952 en Egypte