Nicholae Ceausescu was the Communist leader of Romania from 1965 to 1989, and he was the harshest dictator in Communist Europe since Stalin. He was shot in 1989, and his death ended the worst of communism. -BD
Modeled on Nuremberg, an International military tribunal in Tokyo tried 25 Japanese leaders for war crimes. It sentenced 7 to death, including General Hideki Tojo, 61, who as prime minister had authorized the attack on Pearl Harbor. Some 900 of the countrymen were also executed by the Allies for mistreating prisoners and for other atrocities.