900s York: Neck-ring formed from four sturdy rods, each thicker at the centre (6mm) than the ends (3mm). The rods were first wound in pairs, then formed into the final complex plait, with the ends fused to form the hook-and-eye closure. Each end is bound with fine wire (about 1mm) on the lower 1.5cm. The form is distinctively Scandinavian. The Kingdom of York had extensive contact with both the Scandinavians and Viking-dominated port and markets of the Isle of Man and Dublin.