Willow bark is used to ease pain and reduce inflammation. Researchers believe that the chemical salicin, found in willow bark, is responsible for these effects. However, studies have identified several other components of willow bark that have antioxidant, fever reducing, antiseptic, and immune boosting properties. Some studies show willow is as effective as aspirin for reducing pain and inflammation (but not fever), and at a much lower dose.
"There is a Crone within every witch. She lives within you. This Crone is the wise old woman, the hag, the mistress of magick. The Crone within every witch teaches you that you don't need to be too good, and you can curse as well as cure." Unknown author