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August 2008: Archaeologists at the site of a mass grave containing the bodies of Australian and British troops killed at Fromelles during the first world war Martin Argles/The Guardian

Australian troops string out behind tanks in a practice advance over North African sands, on January 3, 1941. The supporting infantry is spread out thinly as a precaution against air raids. (AP Photo) Australian troops fighting with the British 8th Army made heroic contributions to Allied campaigns against the Germans especially in North Africa and Italy. According to the official Australian history of World War Two, 9,572 Australians were killed in action fighting against Nazi Germany.

Australians in the First World War

Lot 11588-12: Activities in the Middle East. Australians in Syria. The Emir Abdulla of Transjordan, riding in an Australian Bren Gun carrier at a review of Australian troops near Jericho. Office of War Information Photograph.

Lieutenant George Masterman Thompson 1 Battalion, The Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment) (attached Gold Coast Regiment, West African Field Force) Lt Thompson was the first British officer to be killed in action during the First World War. He was commanding a small force of French Senegalese troops in an action against German forces at Chra, German Togoland, when he was killed, aged 24, on 22 August 1914.

A Group of Australians near their billets, somewhere in New Guinea. Photo: 012709 | Australian War Memorial

‘Australians storm a strongpoint’. A posed portrait of Australian troops advancing during the Second Battle of El Alamein, 3 September 1942.

Massed German prisoners of war at a clearing station after the successful Allied offensive near Amiens in Northern France, which began on 8 August 1918. General Ludendorff described it as “The Black Day of the German Army”.

One of the thousands of graves of British and Commonwealth soldiers at the Tyne Cot cemetary in Belgium.

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