The Battle of Hastings occurred on 14 October 1066 during the Norman conquest of England, between the Norman-French army of Duke William II of Normandy and the English army under King Harold II. It took place at Senlac Hill, approximately 7 miles (11 kilometres) northwest of Hastings, close to the present-day town of Battle, East Sussex, and was a decisive Norman victory.
William the Conqueror, Bayeux Tapestry. A transition from Old English to Middle English began with the Norman Conquest of 1066. William the Conqueror (Duke of Normandy and, later, William I of England) invaded the island of Britain from his home base in northern France, and overthrew the Anglo-Saxon rulership of the island nation.
Robert Duke of Normandy Tomb, Gloucester Robert Curthose(c. 1051 – 3 February 1134), sometimes styled Robert II or Robert III, was the Duke of Normandy from 1087 until 1106 and an unsuccessful claimant to the throne of the Kingdom of England.