William the Conqueror, Bayeux Tapestry. A transition from Old English to Middle English began with the Norman Conquest of 1066. William the Conqueror (Duke of Normandy and, later, William I of England) invaded the island of Britain from his home base in northern France, and overthrew the Anglo-Saxon rulership of the island nation.
The Battle of Hastings occurred on 14 October 1066 during the Norman conquest of England, between the Norman-French army of Duke William II of Normandy and the English army under King Harold II. It took place at Senlac Hill, approximately 7 miles (11 kilometres) northwest of Hastings, close to the present-day town of Battle, East Sussex, and was a decisive Norman victory.
Victorian mourning photo. (Child on floor is deceased.) Photography was very costly at the time and this is probably the only photo the family owould have of the child. Death or lomourning photos were a common custom in Vctorian times.