Anglo-Saxon peasants. After the Norman conquest, Anglo-Norman (an insular Scandinavian influenced dialect of French) would persist as the language of administration. It would take some 400 years for the small Norman-French descended aristocracy to adopt the language of the majority (english). Conversely, many french words and spellings would find their way in to the english language, and French would continue to hold a prestige value. -DK
The Battle of Hastings occurred on 14 October 1066 during the Norman conquest of England, between the Norman-French army of Duke William II of Normandy and the English army under King Harold II. It took place at Senlac Hill, approximately 7 miles (11 kilometres) northwest of Hastings, close to the present-day town of Battle, East Sussex, and was a decisive Norman victory.
William the Conqueror, Bayeux Tapestry. A transition from Old English to Middle English began with the Norman Conquest of 1066. William the Conqueror (Duke of Normandy and, later, William I of England) invaded the island of Britain from his home base in northern France, and overthrew the Anglo-Saxon rulership of the island nation.
Robert Duke of Normandy Tomb, Gloucester Robert Curthose(c. 1051 – 3 February 1134), sometimes styled Robert II or Robert III, was the Duke of Normandy from 1087 until 1106 and an unsuccessful claimant to the throne of the Kingdom of England.