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See how solar flares, sun storms and huge eruptions from the sun work in this SPACE.com infographic.

Three X-class Flares in 24 Hours

The sun erupted with an X1.7-class solar flare on May 12, 2013. This is a blend of two images of the flare from NASAs Solar Dynamics Observatory: One image shows light in the 171-angstrom wavelength, the other in 131 angstroms. Credit: NASA/SDO/AIA

Sun Dogs ~ are made of a large family of halos, created by light interacting with ice crystals in the atmosphere. Sun Dogs are best seen and most conspicuous when the Sun is close to the horizon.

Kepler-186f ~ The first known Earth-size planet to lie within the habitable zone of a star beyond the Sun. Discovered using data from the prolific planet-hunting Kepler spacecraft, the distant world orbits its parent star, a cool, dim, M dwarf star about half the size and mass of the Sun, some 500 light-years away from us, in the constellation Cygnus. While the size and orbit of Kepler-186f are known, its mass and composition are not, and can't be determined by Kepler's transit technique…