MARIE MARVINGT. was a French athlete, mountaineer, aviator and journalist. Won prizes for swimming, cycling, mountain climbing, winter sports, ballooning, flying, riding, gymnastics, athletics, rifle shooting and fencing. The first woman to climb many of the peaks in the French and Swiss Alps. A record-breaking balloonist, a pioneering aviator and during World War I became the first woman to fly combat missions as a bomber pilot. She was also a qualified surgical nurse,
Williamina "Minnie" Dean (2 September 1844 – 12 August 1895), the 'Winton baby-farmer, was a New Zealander who was found guilty of infanticide and hanged in 1895, becoming the first (and only) woman to be hanged for murder in New Zealand.