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Flooded mudpan close to Khirbet Abu al-Husayn

Flooded mudpan close to Khirbet Abu al-Husayn

Eridu Excavations. Eridu is an ancient Sumerian city in what is now Tell Abu Shahrain, Iraq. It was long considered the earliest city in S Mesopotamia, and is still today argued to be the oldest city in the world. Located about 7.5-mi SW of Ur, Eridu was the southernmost of a conglomeration of cities that grew about temples. Eridu was founded ca 5400 BC, close to the Persian Gulf near the mouth of the Euphrates River

Eridu is an ancient Sumerian city in what is now Tell Abu Shahrain, Iraq.

So far we have unearthed fossil evidence from more than 20 different human-like species, known as hominins, who are more closely related to humans than any of the apes alive today.     Meet some of our oldest relatives below and discover what insights they can provide about our own evolution.

From left to right, reconstructions of Australopithecus ramidus, early and late Homo erectus, Homo heidelbergensis, a Neanderthal (Homo neanderthalensis) and a modern human (Homo sapiens).

Babylonian Map - 600 BCE   This artifact was discovered in Iraq close to the Euphrates river in the late 1800s and first published (or written about) in 1899. It has been dated to around 600 BCE. This was the oldest known map for several decades until the Nippur map (see above) was finally published. The Babylonian Map is currently in the British Museum.

Babylonian Map of the World: Incised on a clay tablet & dates to the century BC. It was discovered at Sippar, southern Iraq, 60 miles km) north of Babylon on the Euphrates River, & was published in The clay tablet resides at the British Museum.

Egypt, tomb of queen Nefertari. It is one of the best preserved and most ornate of all known tombs. The walls are painted with the deities (from left to right) Serket, Isis, Khepri, Osiris (above entrance), Hathor and Horus. The tomb was discovered in 1904 by the Italian archaeologist Ernesto Schiaparelli. In 2003 the tomb was closed to the general public.

Nefertari – Ramesses II’s Beloved Queen

Tomb wall depicting Queen Nefertari, the great royal wife of Pharaoh Rameses II. Dynasty of Egypt.

Stunning: An archaeologist is seen working on the skeleton of the newly discovered wooden boat. The pharaohs believed that solar boats, buried close to them at death, would transport them in the afterlife

5,000-year-old wooden boat used by the pharaohs is discovered by French archaeologists

Solar Boat, Abu Rawash, Egypt - an archaeologist is working on the year old skeleton of a newly discovered wooden boat. Solar boats were buried close to pharaohs so that after death, they would transport them in the afterlife.

The Meroe Pyramids are located in the North-East of Sudan near the banks of the Nile in the area commonly known as Nubia. There are close to two hundred pyramids in a relatively small area, the ancient burial site of the Merotic Kingdom (sometimes known as the Kingdom of Kush). The Pyramids are smaller than their Egyptian cousins but equally impressive due to their number

The Meroe Pyramids; ancient burial site of the Merotic Kingdom (aka the Kingdom of Kush). Sudan, near the banks of the Nile; There are close to two hundred.

Turkey / The famous leopard-enthroned goddess from the granary at Çatal Hüyuk, close to 6000 bce.

Seated Mother Goddess flanked by two lionesses from Çatalhöyük (Turkey), Neolithic age (about BCE), today in Museum of Anatolian Civilizations in Ankara

The book that emerged from a bog after 1200 years  This is the remarkable story of a medieval book that spent 1200 years in the mud. Around 800 someone had a Book of Psalms made, a portable copy fitted with a leather satchel. The book consisted of sixty sheets of parchment that were carefully filled with handwritten words. Somehow the book ended up in a remote bog at Faddan More in north Tipperary, close to the town of Birr, Ireland. Dropped, perhaps, by the owner?

Book over 1200 years old, found in an Irish bog! This is the Faddan More Psalter Front Cover. Just amazing

Machu Picchu, Peru...

Machu Picchu, Peru --summer session in architecture! did a replica :)

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