THOMAS AQUINAS "Doctor Angelicus" (1225 – 7 March 1274); Italian Dominican friar who was an immensely influential philosopher and theologian in the tradition of scholasticism. The foremost classical proponent of natural theology, and the father of Thomism. Much of modern philosophy was conceived in development or opposition of his ideas about ethics, natural law, metaphysics, and political theory. He attempted to synthesize Aristotelian philosophy with the principles of Christianity.
Thomas Aquinas - an Italian Dominican friar and priest and an immensely influential philosopher and theologian in the tradition of scholasticism, within which he is also known as the "Doctor Angelicus", "Doctor Communis", and "Doctor Universalis"
Averroës (Córdoba, 1126), a Berber medieval polymath, wrote on logic, Aristotelian and Islamic philosophy, theology, Islamic jurisprudence, psychology, politics, geography, mathematics, and the mediæval sciences of medicine, astronomy, physics, and celestial mechanics. Averroes had a greater impact on Christian Europe: he has been described as the "founding father of secular thought in Western Europe". Latin translations of Averroes's work led the way to the popularization of Aristotle.
The Mystical Theology and The Divine Names by Dionysius the Areopagite The treatises of Dionysius the Areopagite, written in Greek, were intended to combine Neoplatonic philosophy with Christian theology and mystical experience. This volume, which explores the nature and results of contemplative prayer, exercised a deep and enduring influence on the development of scholasticism-particularly in regard to the teachings of St. Thomas Aquinas.