Map of the Holocaust in Poland during the Second World War (1939-1945) at the time of German occupation of Poland. This map shows all German Nazi extermination camps (or death camps), prominent concentration, labor and prison camps, major prewar Polish cities with ghettos set up by Nazi Germany, major deportation routes and major massacre sites.
Children in Theresienstadt - Established in 1941, Theresienstadt concentration camp, also referred to as Theresienstadt Ghetto, was established by the SS in the fortress and garrison city of Terezín, located in what is now the Czech Republic. Tens of thousands of children were held there for months or years, before being sent by rail transports to their deaths at Treblinka and Auschwitz extermination camps in occupied Poland, as well as to smaller camps elsewhere.
World War 2 This war fought in Europe, North Africa and Asia started in 1939 with the invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany and ended in 1945 with the dropping of two atomic bombs on Japan. It was the largest armed conflict in history.
Auschwitz - A pile of human bones and skulls is seen in 1944 at the Majdanek camp on the outskirts of Lublin, the second largest death camp in German-occupied Poland after Auschwitz, following its liberation in 1944 by Russian troops(AFP)
Witold Pilecki - To prove that Auschwitz was killing people, not a labor camp, forged papers,entered a ghetto roundup, and was sent to Auschwitz. He redistributed food to prisoners, trained them in martial arts, and passed news out. He & a few others beat up guards, stole their clothes and left the camp carrying the guard's stolen papers. They were in the woods for 3 days, til they met up with the Home Army and passed the info on. This was the first evidence of the existence of death camps.
Looters plunder Jewish Holocaust victims' graves for treasure
Jews board a train in Siedlce that will take them to Treblinka. Not a Konzentrationslager or Concentration Camp, Treblinka was a Vernichtungslager, or Extermination Camp. The sole purpose of the camp was the destruction of human life.