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The Colosseum

The Flavian amphitheatre in Rome, better known as the Colosseum, was built between May 24 70 CE and June 29 80 CE under the reign of Emperor Vespasian and later inaugurated by his son Titus. It was one...


In 253 CE an elderly Roman military commander and experienced former senator was proclaimed emperor by his troops - a very common occurrence at the time. As emperor Publius Lucinius Valerianus - commonly referred to as Valerian - would battle repeated incursions from the north and east, rarely stepping foot in Rome. Eventually, however, he would meet his unfortunate death at the hands of an enemy king and so become the only emperor to ever die in captivity.

Attic Black Figure Lekythos

Ure Museum, 38.4.8. Date: 550-525 BCE Shape: Lekythos Material: Attic Black Figure Terracotta

Citizenship is and always has been a valued possession of any individual. When one studies the majority of ancient empires one finds that the concept of citizenship, in any form, was non-existent. The people in these societies did not and could not participate in the affairs of their government. These governments were either theocratic or under the control of a non-elected sovereign, answerable to no one except himself. (Article by Donald L. Wasson) --AHE


'The Sack of Rome' by Karl Briullov (1799-1852). The Vandals were a Germanic tribe who were first mentioned in Roman history by Pliny the Elder (77 CE). They sacked Rome in 455 CE, causing the name 'vandal' to be synonymous with destruction and barbarians. - Joshua J. Mark on Ancient History Encyclopedia

Great Cameo of France

The Great Cameo of France is a five-layered sardonyx cameo divided into three levels which depicts members of the Julio-Claudian dynasty, circa 23 CE. The Great Cameo of France is the largest cameo to survive from the ancient world. It contains 24 engraved figures. The dead are placed in the upper part, while the middle register represents the world of the living. Tiberius in the center of the cameo sits on his throne, along with his mother and the wife of Augustus. (Photo by Carole…

Roman Siege Warfare

In ancient warfare open battles were the preferred mode of meeting the enemy, but sometimes, when defenders took a stand within their well-fortified city or military camp, siege warfare became a necessity, despite its high expense in money, time, and men. The Romans became adept at the art of siege warfare employing all manner of strategies and machinery to batter the enemy into submission. (By Mark Cartwright) --AHE