The Flavian amphitheatre in Rome, better known as the Colosseum, was built between May 24 70 CE and June 29 80 CE under the reign of Emperor Vespasian and later inaugurated by his son Titus. It was one...
In 253 CE an elderly Roman military commander and experienced former senator was proclaimed emperor by his troops - a very common occurrence at the time. As emperor Publius Lucinius Valerianus - commonly referred to as Valerian - would battle repeated incursions from the north and east, rarely stepping foot in Rome. Eventually, however, he would meet his unfortunate death at the hands of an enemy king and so become the only emperor to ever die in captivity.
In ancient warfare open battles were the preferred mode of meeting the enemy, but sometimes, when defenders took a stand within their well-fortified city or military camp, siege warfare became a necessity, despite its high expense in money, time, and men. The Romans became adept at the art of siege warfare employing all manner of strategies and machinery to batter the enemy into submission. (By Mark Cartwright) --AHE
Western Civilization is forever indebted to the people of ancient Greece and Rome. Among the numerous contributions these societies made are in the fields of art, literature and philosophy; however, perhaps their greatest gift to future generations was the modern perception of government. The contemporary idea of democracy, while borne out of the political struggles in the city of Athens, came to fruition in the Roman Republic. (Info by Donald L. Wasson) -- AHE
Rare fully intact Roman bronze gladiator helmet featuring the hero Hercules on the front and the defeated Nemeian Lion on the base of the comb. Before 1st C. AD. Higgins Armory Museum, Worcester, Massachusetts.