VIVIEN T. THOMAS (assisted Hopkins' surgery chief, Alfred Blalock in 1944, successfully operated on the heart of a 9-pound child called a "blue baby", was believed cardiac surgery was impossible, stationed on a stool at the right shoulder of surgeon who guided him through the procedure, prejudice has kept his role unacknowledged until now)
"COLORED MEN - The Frst Americans Who Planted our Flag on the Firing Line!" WWI poster of African-American soldiers in bayonet combat with German soldiers, as Lincoln says, "Liberty and freedom shall not perish!" 350,000 served in segregated units, and several units saw action with the French, and 171 won the Legion of Honor. By the end of 1917, over 600 men became captains and lieutenants.
Mayme A. Clayton (August 4, 1923 - October 13, 2006) founded the Western States Black Research and Education Center, the largest privately held collection of African-American historical materials in the world. She collected more than 30,000 rare and out-of-print books. The collection is considered one of the most important for African-American materials and consists of 3.5 million items on the topic of African-American culture.
"Miss Bazoline Estelle Usher (December 26, 1885 - February 8, 1992). She was a teacher, principal, and became the Supervisor of Education for Minority Pupils in Atlanta, Georgia. She also led the group of about 25 women who created the first African-American Girl Scout troops in Atlanta."
Daisy Bates – civil rights activist, publisher, journalist. In 1957, she helped nine African American students to become the first to attend the all-white Central High School in Little Rock, who became known as the Little Rock Nine. She and her husband also started the Arkansas State Press - a voice for civil rights even before the nationally recognised movement had emerged.
Lucy Stone - determined that men were reading the Bible in a way to suppress women, she worked her way through school to learn Greek and Latin to prove them wrong. Kept her last name, chopped her hair off, scandalously wore precursors to pants, was kicked out of church for arguing that women had the right to own property and to be able to divorce abusive alcoholic husbands. Considered a true radical for her time, she spoke in public frequently and headed multiple prominent womens…
Mukhtar Mai is a Pakistani woman who, after being gang-raped, was expected to commit suicide. Instead, she prosecuted her attackers and used compensation money to start schools, a women's shelter and an organization to support women from around Pakistan. There is a chapter dedicated to telling her story in "Half the Sky."