This visual example of erosion would help students understand how human activities can affect the landscape. One bottle could represent an untouched forest, another could represent an area with houses built, and another bottle could show land cleared for farming. The students would be able to see how humans can negatively impact Earth's natural processes.
Deforestation also drives climate change. Forest soils are moist, but without protection from sun-blocking tree cover they quickly dry out. Trees also help perpetuate the water cycle by returning water vapor back into the atmosphere. Removing trees deprives the forest of portions of its canopy, which blocks the sun’s rays during the day and holds in heat at night. This disruption leads to more extreme temperatures swings.
Invite children to balance and stack rocks to create beautiful nature land art stone sculptures--a simple STEAM learning challenge for kids. Includes tips and ideas to make this learning activity more fun!