This is Rose Valland, one of the heroes of Nazi-Occupied France. An employee of the Louvre, she kept records of the art stolen by Nazi officers—what was taken, from where, and by whom. She was instrumental in the postwar return of countless stolen pieces, and one of the most decorated women in French history.
French resistance fighters being arrested by German troops, France, Jul 1944. Note the camouflage smock worn by the Germans. Toward the end of the war, German infantry troops were adopting the smock first worn by the Waffen SS,