This infographic gives brief summaries of the 12 Jungian personality archetypes, for use when building charcaters. As with any writing tools, archetypes are really most useful if you think of them as a starying block - you cannot simply reduce people to 12 options. Most people will show traits from multiple categories. As a writer, you may want to think about each character's primary and secondary archetypes. As always, remember: Tools, not rules!
I like this as a general guide to novel structure. However many resources I've read warn against getting too locked into a single script or pattern like this. Sometimes you need to save the climax for the last two pages, and sometimes you need the action to start on the first page (and fill in 'setup' stuff later).
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