Empress Dowager Cixi or Tzu-hsi / 慈禧太后 , of the Manchu Yehenara clan, was a powerful and charismatic woman who unofficially but effectively controlled the Manchu Qing Dynasty in China for 47 years, from 1861 to her death in 1908.
Empress-Dowager Cixi (1835-1908), was the last empress of China. Her greatest mistake and miscalculation was to support the Boxers - the peasant uprisings against foreigners in China - which led to a military invasion by the Great Powers and the occupation of Beijing. Empress Cixi's efforts at reform were too little and came too late to save the Manchu dynasty. She will be remembered as the world's last absolute ruler to occupy a throne.
The Empress Dowager Cixi: was a powerful and charismatic woman who unofficially but effectively controlled the Manchu Qing Dynasty in China for 47 years, from 1861 to her death in 1908. Was a Concubine who worked her way to Empress. Cunning and cut throat, I have a weird obsession with her. Her ruthlessness is interesting to study.
The Cixi Empress Dowager Cixi 慈禧太后 with attendants in front of Paiyunmen, Summer Palace, Beijing, 1903. Cixi was an enthusiastic advocate of theater arts. She commissioned new libretti and updates of traditional dramas, and she organized a personal acting troupe composed of court eunuchs. In this group photograph, Cixi assumes a theatrical pose.