Carved Celtic Stone Head, c. 1-199, with a typical down-curved moustache and spectacled eyes, probably Northern England. The symbol of the severed human head is as representative of the Celtic religion as is the cross for Christians. From the human skulls found in Celtic hill forts it is known that the head served as a military trophy testifying to the prowess of the warrior. The powers believed to be inherent in the head were thought to act protectively and keep evil from the community.
The oldest known portrait head of a woman, carved in ivory some 26,000 years ago. It was discovered in the 20s in Dolní Věstonice, a valley in present-day Moravia that was teeming with mammoth and reindeer in the last ice age.