Oakland Raiders cheerleaders perform during the first half of an NFL football game between the Oakland Raiders and the Minnesota Vikings in Oakland, Calif., Sunday, Nov. 15, 2015. (Beck Diefenbach/Associated Press)
Runes-letters modified from Phoenician alphabet. Runic was often written without spaces between words & where 2 of the same letter sat beside each other only one would be used. It was written both from left to right & right to left. It was mainly used to label items with the owner's name & was considered magical as most people were illiterate & did not understand the concept of symbols representing sounds. This also led to their use in fortune telling.