Late 19th and early 20th centuries tin kitchens, made in Germany, are descendants of much earlier toy kitchens, based on real European models. The early 19th century drawing of a play kitchen demonstrates an open fire, burning charcoal, atop a tall hearth. Smoke is drawn to the hood and chimney. Hearth has an arched opening for storing fuel. Later tin kitchens have imitation-tile fire-boxes, burn coal, and contain an oven. Round openings on stove top are for heating pots and pans.
1913 Kitchen of Betty's Bungalow PART 1 Lithographed cardboard house made in the U.S.A. The iron range is set in a wide, exposed red brick chimney, the opening of which is topped by a white painted shelf, supported on a pair of curved wood brackets. The range has no metal chimney -- probably an oversight (the huge brick chimney rising over the roof indicates the use of coal or wood rather than gas). A brick hearth protects the floor area immediately in front of the stove.
WOODEN KITCHEN <=> This table with a typical 3-sided gallery was a work table for preparing meals and baking; makers such as Gottschalk of Germany abandoned this style of cut-out solid chair backs in the 20th century, except for reviving it in the mid 1920s to evoke a German "peasant" style
Built-in metal range was part of a set ("Monster Kitchen Set": stove, dresser, table, chairs, plate and frying pan, all metal), made in England by Hopkins Bros., Victoria Tin Toy Works, London, and advertised in 1927. This type of range, however, had been in use for many years. It was more popular at an earlier date in Britain, than in North America, because of the prevalence of coal.
COOK STOVES In the meanwhile, many houses -- well into the 1930s -- in Canadian and American villages and in the country had iron cook stoves, which used split wood as the fuel. They were offered as an alternative cooking apparatus (to gas and electric stoves) for dollhouses in toy catalogues until about 1930. Montgomery Ward Catalogue 1930
THE KITCHEN 1894 the American firm McLoughlin produced a set of 4 rooms with lithographed walls showing the furnishings and decor enjoyed by the urban upper classes; even the kitchen -- the realm of the cook and maids -- was handsomely appointed, including an attractive tiled floor, striped wainscoting topped by a shelf supported on iron brackets and fronted by latticework; German furnishings c1890-c1920