Lyon, 1861 : à 37 ans, Julie-Victoire Daubié devient la première femme à être autorisée à passer le bac, et à l'obtenir. Ne s'arrêtant pas en si bon chemin, Julie-Victoire Daubié continue et devient la première femme licenciée en Lettres en 1872 de la Sorbonne, alors que les cours (et non pas la présentation à l'examen) sont encore interdits aux femmes.
Stagecoach Mary Mary Fields, also known as Stagecoach Mary, was the first African-American woman employed as a mail carrier in the United States, driving her mail route by stagecoach from Cascade, Montana to St. Peter's Mission, Montana. When hired, she became the second American woman in all to work for the United States Postal Service. Born a slave circa 1832 in Hickman County, Tennessee. She was freed when American slavery was outlawed in 1865.
Rosa Parks is best known for her role as a civil-rights activist, the Alabama native also worked as a talented seamstress at the Montgomery Fair Department Store. She was on her way home from work on Dec. 1, 1955, when she was arrested for refusing to give up her seat on the bus to a white passenger.
16 of History's Most Rebellious Women - Photo Essays
Janet Jagan was Guyana's first female President. In 1946 she and her husband founded the People's Progressive Party, which sought to promote Marxist ideals as well as decolonization from the U.K. In the late 1940s, the Jagans inspired strikes by domestic workers. The movement attracted the ire of British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, who put the Jagans in jail. But Jagan proved to be a political survivor, remaining in the game despite various attempts to purge her from leadership posts.