Franz Fanon - was a psychiatrist, philosopher, revolutionary, and author from Martinique. His work remains influential in the fields of post-colonial studies and critical theory. Fanon is perhaps the pre-eminent thinker of the 20th century on the issue of decolonization and the psychopathology of colonization. His works have incited and inspired anti-colonial liberation movements for more than four decades.
Jimmie Lee Jackson was a young, unarmed civil rights protestor who was shot by an Alabama State Trooper in 1965. Jackson’s death inspired the Selma to Montgomery marches, an important event in the American Civil Rights movement.
James Howard Meredith was one of the pioneers of the civil rights movement. In 1962 he became the first black student to successfully enroll at the University of Mississippi. Ross Barnett, governor, opposed his enrollment. Violence and rioting surrounding the incident caused President Kennedy to send 5,000 federal troops to restore the peace. Meredith graduated from in 1963 (he had transfered from an all-black college). He gained a law degree from Columbia University.
Claudette Colvin. Another unsung Pioneer in Civil Rights, refusing to give up from her seat on a segregated bus 9 months before Rosa Parks would do so. Only 15 years old, she was arrested. Her case, part of Browder v. Gayle went all the way to the US Supreme Court that declared in 1956 that segregation on Public Transportation was unconstitutional. Her low profile and arrest made it difficult for her gain employment. Again she was only 15 years old. Children can be so brave where we can't.