On September 10, 1963 the Birmingham City Schools were integrated after President John F. Kennedy issued Executive Order 11118, nationalizing over 200 National Guard troops to remove "unlawful obstructions of justice". Gov. George Wallace closed some schools citing the threat of violence, and parents withdrew children from the integrated schools. On a Sunday morning five days later the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church was bombed.
William Henry Hastie, Jr. (November 17, 1904 – April 14, 1976) broke ground as the first African American federal judge (appointed by President Roosevelt to the Virgin Islands, 1937) and the first federal appeals court judge (appointed by President Truman to the Third Circuit, 1949). He was also considered for a seat on the U.S. Supreme Court in 1962 but Pres....
Rev. Theodore Judson (T.J.) Jemison (August 1, 1918 – November 15, 2013) was pastor of Mount Zion Baptist Church in Baton Rouge for over 50 years. In 1953 he helped lead the first boycott protesting segregated seating on city buses. Although it was resolved after 8 days it was used as a model for the Montgomery Boycott, and Rev. Jemison was a co-founder of the SCLC in 1957. He also served as president of the National Baptist Convention USA from 1982 to 1994. #TodayInBlackHistory
On August 6, 1965, The Voting Rights Act was signed by President Lyndon B. Johnson. The Act applied a nationwide prohibition of the denial or abridgment of the right to vote on account of race or color. It outlawed discriminatory literacy tests, expanded voting rights for non-English speaking Americans, and appointed Federal examiners to oversee voter registration and elections.
Dorothea Church (July 26, 1922—July 7, 2006) was the first successful black fashion model in Paris. She enrolled in the Dorothy Farrier Charm and Modeling School in L.A. and found work modeling for magazines with a black readership. She went to Paris in 1949, where she decided to try her luck at modeling. Christian Dior hired her on the spot, and for the next 5 years she modeled for the fashion house. She later modeled with the Grace del Marco agency in NYC.