Kharoshthi script was in use in Indic areas by the 3rd C. BCE to write Gandhari and Sanskrit. Based on the Aramaic alphabet, read right to left, modified for Indic sounds. Used extensively along the Silk Road by Sogdians, Indo-Sythians and others. King Ashoka, emperor in the Mauryan dynasty of India, used it in edicts and to write parts of some of the earliest Buddhist texts known. Shown: paper strip with writing in Kharoshthi script. 2-5th C. CE, Yingpan, Tarim Basin, Xinjiang Museum.