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6th-5th c BCE Iranian Achaemenid Architectural Sculpture     PERSIAN Anonymous  (559 BCE - 20th c.)      Audience Hall of Darius I. Capital in the shape of a Bull.  518 BCE-460 BCE  Limestone  Carved  Achaemenid  Persepolis. Iran.

6th-5th c BCE Iranian Achaemenid Architectural Sculpture PERSIAN Anonymous (559 BCE - 20th c.) Audience Hall of Darius I. Capital in the shape of a Bull. 518 BCE-460 BCE Limestone Carved Achaemenid Persepolis. Iran.

Head of a prince, from Persepolis, 5th-4th century BC (lapis lazuli) Title: Achaemenid, (550-330 BC) Primary creator: Iranian Nationality: National Museum of Iran, Tehran Location: Giraudon Credit: lapis lazuli Medium: Jewellery Middle and Near Eas

Head of a prince, from Persepolis, 5th-4th century BC (lapis lazuli) Title: Achaemenid, (550-330 BC) Primary creator: Iranian Nationality: National Museum of Iran, Tehran Location: Giraudon Credit: lapis lazuli Medium: Jewellery Middle and Near Eas

Persepolis (Old Persian Pārsa, Takht-e Jamshid or Chehel Minar) was the ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Empire (ca. 550-330 BCE). Persepolis is situated 70 km northeast of the modern city of Shiraz in the Fars Province of modern Iran

Persepolis (Old Persian Pārsa, Takht-e Jamshid or Chehel Minar) was the ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Empire (ca. 550-330 BCE). Persepolis is situated 70 km northeast of the modern city of Shiraz in the Fars Province of modern Iran

Persian bull's head capital from Persepolis. At the Oriental Institute Museum, Chicago, Illinois.

Persian bull's head capital from Persepolis. At the Oriental Institute Museum, Chicago, Illinois.

ca. 6TH-5TH C. BCE. BRONZE BULL PROTOME  FIRST PERSIAN PERIOD, DYNASTY XXVII. The powerful forepart of a bull with hooves tucked underneath,  with distinct marking on the forehead.

ca. 6TH-5TH C. BCE. BRONZE BULL PROTOME FIRST PERSIAN PERIOD, DYNASTY XXVII. The powerful forepart of a bull with hooves tucked underneath, with distinct marking on the forehead.

Bronze statuette of a Lion from the First Persian or Achaemenid Empire 6th to 5th cent. BC excavated from the Acropolis Susa, present day Iran.. The Louvre Museum, Paris.

Bronze statuette of a Lion from the First Persian or Achaemenid Empire 6th to 5th cent. BC excavated from the Acropolis Susa, present day Iran.. The Louvre Museum, Paris.

Rostam رستم

Rostam رستم

Golden Achaemenid ornament depicting a lion’s head and dating back to the 5th-6th century BCE. The city of Babylon served as the main imperial capital for the Achaemenid Persians until 331 BCE.

Golden Achaemenid ornament depicting a lion’s head and dating back to the 5th-6th century BCE. The city of Babylon served as the main imperial capital for the Achaemenid Persians until 331 BCE.

Column Capital in the form of a Man-Bull, Reign of Xerxes,486-465 BC, Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago

Column Capital in the form of a Man-Bull, Reign of Xerxes,486-465 BC, Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago

Persian soldiers are ridden down by Alexander the Great during the Battle of the Issus.  A detail from the truly incredible Alexander Sarcophagus from rhe Royal Necropolid of Sidon

Persian soldiers are ridden down by Alexander the Great during the Battle of the Issus. A detail from the truly incredible Alexander Sarcophagus from rhe Royal Necropolid of Sidon

Achaemenid rhyton depicting a horse found at Erebuni fortress. On display at the Erebuni Museum, Yerevan (Armenia)

Achaemenid rhyton depicting a horse found at Erebuni fortress. On display at the Erebuni Museum, Yerevan (Armenia)

Human–headed winged lion (lamassu)   Date: 883–859 B.C. (Neo–Assyrian period, reign of Ashurnasirpal II) Location: Excavated at Nimrud (ancient Kalhu), northern Mesopotamia Medium: Alabaster (gypsum)

Human–headed winged lion (lamassu) Date: 883–859 B.C. (Neo–Assyrian period, reign of Ashurnasirpal II) Location: Excavated at Nimrud (ancient Kalhu), northern Mesopotamia Medium: Alabaster (gypsum)

Rostam, who lived about the same time as King Fereydun. Garshāsp is the father of Narēmān, who is the father of Sām, father of Zāl, who is in turn Rostam's father.

Rostam, who lived about the same time as King Fereydun. Garshāsp is the father of Narēmān, who is the father of Sām, father of Zāl, who is in turn Rostam's father.