Oil container with the heads of a lion and a woman, about 550 B.C. The detailed carvings of a woman’s face and a snarling lion form the body of this aryballos, or oil vessel. Though it is made of faience (an early synthetic material) from ancient Egypt, it has a Greek form. This combination of Greek and Egyptian elements demonstrates the cross-cultural connections of the eastern Mediterranean in this period.
Scythian pectoral from between the 6th & 4th centuries BCE discovered in a tumulus in the Ukraine. The crescent-shaped pectoral has a well-balanced composition which is symmetrical but not rigidly so. The ends of the crescent that come close together are decorated with stylized lion heads holding rings in their mouths; these rings served as clasps. The pectoral is divided into three “tiers” or bands with gold braids framing each “tier.”