Kawasaki XC-2. To replace the Japan Air Self-Defence Force’s earlier C-1 transports, the developmental C-2 is also the result of an indigenous programme by Kawasaki. Flown so far in the XC-2 prototype form, the airlifter bears a resemblance to Boeing’s larger C-17, but is powered by only two turbofan engines. The aircraft’s maximum payload capacity is expected to be around 37t; the same as Europe’s Airbus A400M. MiliCAS records Japan’s current C-1 inventory as now standing at 27 examples.