The Cajuns – They came to Louisiana in the 1700s as French-speaking exiles, driven out of their homeland in Canada. Since then, their influence on music, food, and culture has spread throughout the state and the rest of the country.
The Acadians are first Canadian settlers originating from France who were deported out of their homes and off their land in Nova Scotia by British Soldiers in 1755. Some families were scattered deeper into Canada but most went south into Florida and Louisiana where the word Acadian was shortened to 'Cajun'. My family stems from one man who evaded capture. He was a frontiersman who built a log home along a river in New Brunswick near the Mi'kmaq people.
NO FRENCH SPOKEN IN SCHOOL! Cajuns weren't allowed to speak French in Louisiana schools in the twentieth century. As a result, many (but not all) people from the next generation lost the spoken language. Very few young people grow up speaking Cajun French in their homes. Painting by George Rodrigue, titled "He Burt Yes, A Bear No"