BLH: Level 3 Bio AS91607

Demonstrate understanding of human manipulations of genetic transfer and its biological implications.
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Breeding a new apple cultivar takes a long time and involves many steps. The aim is to produce high-quality fruit that consumers will like and want to buy.

Breeding a new apple cultivar takes a long time and involves many steps. The aim is to produce high-quality fruit that consumers will like and want to buy.

Learn about the range of techniques used to make transgenic cows including DNA cloning, restriction enzyme digests, ligation, polymerase chain reaction (PCR), transfection, nuclear transfer and in vitro embryo production.

Learn about the range of techniques used to make transgenic cows including DNA cloning, restriction enzyme digests, ligation, polymerase chain reaction (PCR), transfection, nuclear transfer and in vitro embryo production.

This interactive illustrates a process used by scientists to generate transgenic plants.

This interactive illustrates a process used by scientists to generate transgenic plants.

In 2000, AgResearch generated their first transgenic cows. These cows produced modified or ‘designer’ milk. Discover why the scientists did this research and what they found.

In 2000, AgResearch generated their first transgenic cows. These cows produced modified or ‘designer’ milk. Discover why the scientists did this research and what they found.

A new apple cultivar with red skin and red flesh is being developed at Plant & Food Research. Discover how the idea came about and why it may appeal to consumers.

A new apple cultivar with red skin and red flesh is being developed at Plant & Food Research. Discover how the idea came about and why it may appeal to consumers.

A collection of apple genetic resources, known as a germplasm collection, is maintained by Plant & Food Research at their Hawke’s Bay orchard to provide a source of new apple traits for the future.

A collection of apple genetic resources, known as a germplasm collection, is maintained by Plant & Food Research at their Hawke’s Bay orchard to provide a source of new apple traits for the future.

Information about apple genetics is helping breeders at Plant & Food Research in New Zealand to breed new apple cultivars faster and more efficiently.

Information about apple genetics is helping breeders at Plant & Food Research in New Zealand to breed new apple cultivars faster and more efficiently.

Andy Allan and Richard Espley, of Plant & Food Research, explain what DNA markers are and how they can be used to make apple breeding more efficient.

Andy Allan and Richard Espley, of Plant & Food Research, explain what DNA markers are and how they can be used to make apple breeding more efficient.

Breeding a new apple cultivar takes many years and is expensive, so speeding up the process gives breeders an important commercial advantage. Richard Volz describes how Plant & Food Research makes apple breeding as fast and efficient as possible.

Breeding a new apple cultivar takes many years and is expensive, so speeding up the process gives breeders an important commercial advantage. Richard Volz describes how Plant & Food Research makes apple breeding as fast and efficient as possible.

Red-fleshed apples contain much more red pigment – anthocyanin – than white-fleshed apples. Plant & Food Research scientists Richard Espley and Andy Allan and their colleagues recently discovered why so much anthocyanin is made in red-fleshed apples.

Red-fleshed apples contain much more red pigment – anthocyanin – than white-fleshed apples. Plant & Food Research scientists Richard Espley and Andy Allan and their colleagues recently discovered why so much anthocyanin is made in red-fleshed apples.


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Learn about the range of techniques used to make transgenic cows including DNA cloning, restriction enzyme digests, ligation, polymerase chain reaction (PCR), transfection, nuclear transfer and in vitro embryo production.

Learn about the range of techniques used to make transgenic cows including DNA cloning, restriction enzyme digests, ligation, polymerase chain reaction (PCR), transfection, nuclear transfer and in vitro embryo production.

Scientists at AgResearch have generated transgenic cows that produce therapeutic proteins in their milk. Here, we explain the advantages and disadvantages of using transgenic technologies to produce proteins.

Scientists at AgResearch have generated transgenic cows that produce therapeutic proteins in their milk. Here, we explain the advantages and disadvantages of using transgenic technologies to produce proteins.

In 2000, AgResearch generated their first transgenic cows. These cows produced modified or ‘designer’ milk. Discover why the scientists did this research and what they found.

In 2000, AgResearch generated their first transgenic cows. These cows produced modified or ‘designer’ milk. Discover why the scientists did this research and what they found.

Breeding a new apple cultivar takes a long time and involves many steps. Breeders also need to meet changing consumer demands and compete in global markets.

Breeding a new apple cultivar takes a long time and involves many steps. Breeders also need to meet changing consumer demands and compete in global markets.

Testing the nutrient content of taewa.

Testing the nutrient content of taewa.

Scientists taste fish oil enriched ice cream at Massey University pilot plant.

Scientists taste fish oil enriched ice cream at Massey University pilot plant.

Testing stab resistance of a new material using standard testing equipment.

Testing stab resistance of a new material using standard testing equipment.

Dr Stewart Collie of AgResearch, Lincoln demonstrates the flame resistance of a new fabric.

Dr Stewart Collie of AgResearch, Lincoln demonstrates the flame resistance of a new fabric.

Extruding taewa snacks involves forcing the hot mixture out through a die.

Extruding taewa snacks involves forcing the hot mixture out through a die.

Tracking pea crab larvae: Jessica Feickert (Leigh Marine Laboratory) checking pea crab larvae using a light microscope. Jessica reared pea crab larvae in the laboratory and identified several larval stages for the first time.

Tracking pea crab larvae: Jessica Feickert (Leigh Marine Laboratory) checking pea crab larvae using a light microscope. Jessica reared pea crab larvae in the laboratory and identified several larval stages for the first time.

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