Under the influence of his master Rodolphe Bresdin, Odilon Redon (1840-1916) first realized a work essentially made of black and white charcoal drawings and lithographs. Redon developed his love for plants, trees and literature with Armand Clavaud, a botanist friend, close to the French poet Francis Jammes. Through observation and contemplation of nature, he accomplished a true spiritual experience that can be seen in his drawings.
Katherine S. Dreier patron of the arts, founded the Société Anonyme with Marcel Duchamp (1887–1968) and Man Ray (1890–1976) in 1920. Although it never had a permanent exhibition space, the Société he first collection in the United States to be called a “Museum of Modern Art.”