Ida B. Wells; 1862-1931; Ida B. Wells was an African-American journalist, newspaper editor, suffragist and an early leader in the civil rights movement. She documented lynching in the United States, showing how it was often a way to control or punish blacks who competed with whites. She was active in the women's rights and the women's suffrage movement, establishing several women's organizations. Wells was a skilled and persuasive rhetorician, and traveled internationally on lecture tours.