Lacebark (Hoheria populnea) derives its common name from its inner layer of bark, which is perforated and has a lacy appearance. The veins on its oval leaves are prominent.Traditional Maori Rongoa (medicine) hugely effective when used for treating burns, from fire or scalding water. The bark or the leaves could be used as a poultice or as a wash. Contains tannic acid, giving it astringent properties.
Poroporo,Parts used; berries, leaves, inner bark.The berries are poisonous when eaten green but safe when ripe. The leaf was used for the itch, a poultice for sores, chronic eczema, and psoriasis,sores and ulcers.Internally as an effective contraceptive. A factory was established at Waitara in 1978 for extracting the steroid hormone extract to be added to contraceptive pills and for treating rheumatoid arthritis however the plant closed in 1981.
Makomako, Parts used: Leaves and Bark , used for treating burns, from fire or scalding water. The bark or the leaves could be used as a poultice or as a wash. Contains tanic acid, giving it astringent properties. Good for sore eyes and used as a poultice or internally taken as a treatment for rheumatism.Leaves were steeped in hot baths for arthritis and rheumatism.The colonial settlers ate the fruit, made a jelly from the fruit and also a wine, perhaps giving it its common name “wineberry”.
Mānuka Ashes of mānuka were rubbed on the scalp to cure dandruff. Mānuka branches were used to splint broken limbs. Leaves were put in a calabash with water and hot stones, and the liquid was drunk to ease a fever. The bark was boiled in water, which was drunk to cure dysentery and diarrhoea.
Koromiko, Hebe strictaKoromiko is widespread throughout New Zealand. An infusion of the leaves was used as an astringent for dysentery. Poultices were used for ulcers. It was considered good for the kidney and bladder, as well as for diarrhoea and as a tonic.
Kōwhai The bark of the kōwhai tree was heated in a calabash with hot stones, and made into a poultice for wounds or to rub on a sore back. A person bitten in the face by a seal had wai kōwhai (kōwhai juice) applied to their wounds, and was well within days.