Runes-letters modified from Phoenician alphabet. Runic was often written without spaces between words where 2 of the same letter sat beside each other only one would be used. It was written both from left to right right to left. It was mainly used to label items with the owner's name was considered magical as most people were illiterate did not understand the concept of symbols representing sounds. This also led to their use in fortune telling.
Lewis Chessman, British Museum Probably made in Norway, about AD 1150-1200 Found on the Isle of Lewis, Outer Hebrides, Scotland