"Yakuza (ヤクザ or やくざ), also known as gokudō (極道), are members of traditional organized crime syndicates in Japan. The Japanese police, and media by request of the police, call them bōryokudan (暴力団), literally "violence group", while the yakuza call themselves "ninkyō dantai" (任侠団体 or 仁侠団体), "chivalrous organizations". ... " http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yakuza
Yakuza - "Yakuza" written in katakana Presumed origin: The Kabuki-mono Creation: 17th century Actual number 102,400 members Principal clans: 1. Yamaguchi-gumi 2. Sumiyoshi-kai 3. Inagawa-kai Activities: Criminal activities and/or legitimate businesses
Sumiyoshi-kai (住吉会?) The Sumiyoshi-rengo is the second largest yakuza family, with 20,000 members divided into 277 clans. The Sumiyoshi-kai, as it is sometimes called, is a confederation of smaller yakuza groups. It functions like a federation. The chain of command is more lax, and although Shigeo Nishiguchi is always the supreme oyabun, its leadership is distributed among several other people.
This is an example of a 'Bakuto' which were illegal gamblers.The formation of the Yakuza is shrouded in mystery however it is believed that they were a combination 'Bakuto' and 'Tekiya'. The 'Tekiya' where peddler who sold shoddy poorly made goods(MS). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Zatoichi_017.jpg
Ichi the Killer (2001, Japan) As sadomasochistic yakuza enforcer Kakihara searches for his missing boss he comes across Ichi, a repressed and psychotic killer who may be able to inflict levels of pain that Kakihara has only dreamed of.
TIL that after the Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami the yakuza sent hundreds of trucks filled with food water blankets and sanitary accessories to aid the people in the affected areas of the natural disaster.
Hotei, the fat and happy god of abundance and good health Jurōjin, god of long life Fukurokuju, god of happiness, wealth and longevity Bishamonten, god of warriors Benzaiten (Benten-sama), goddess of knowledge, art and beauty, especially music Daikokuten (Daikoku), god of wealth, commerce and trade. Ebisu and Daikoku are often paired and represented as carvings or masks on the walls of small retail shops Ebisu, god of fishers or merchants, often depicted carrying a sea bream