Humanism is a philosophy centered on human interests or values; it stresses an individual's dignity and worth and an individual's ability to fulfill his or her potential through reason.

Humanism is a philosophy centered on human interests or values; it stresses an individual's dignity and worth and an individual's ability to fulfill his or her potential through reason.

Darwin's 1859 work "Origin of Species" is probably one of the most influential books in Western thought. Himself more a scientist, the theory presented man not as a unique, divine being, but a material beast like no other. It is no wonder that post-Darwin came swathes of atheistic and existentialist philosophy.

Darwin's 1859 work "Origin of Species" is probably one of the most influential books in Western thought. Himself more a scientist, the theory presented man not as a unique, divine being, but a material beast like no other. It is no wonder that post-Darwin came swathes of atheistic and existentialist philosophy.

Pre-Socratic philosophy Reference: Presocratic Philosophy, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2007 Oskar Seyffert, (1894), Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, page 480

Pre-Socratic philosophy Reference: Presocratic Philosophy, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2007 Oskar Seyffert, (1894), Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, page 480

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